Guest post — Audrey Dong on workplace externalities of marijuana legalization

Xiuming (Audrey) Dong of Syracuse Univeristy, whom I met at the National Tax Assocation conference in Tampa, has allowed me to post her paper on workplace externalities of marijuana legalization, which contains this statement:  “My estimates suggest workplace injury rate is approximately 5%-20% higher for treated relative to control counties post-[recreational marijuana legalization] RML. It also indicates that RML increases work injury costs [in Oregon] roughly by $7 to $34 million (or $5 to $24 per capita) per year.”

So Ms. Dong’s paper calculates negative externalities, but she is now working on a project whose preliminary results show that legalization may reduce disability insurance claims.  Still, that is an on-going project.   Myself, I wonder about any results based on movement from illegality to legality, for reasons the paper mentions, and especially because the change in consumption is very gradual, since the black market existed before legalization, and because legalization takes root slowly.

As my friends in social science (unlike my friends in tax policy) often say, more research is needed.

Downloadable pdf:  Job Market Paper_Xiuming(Audrey) Dong or https://drive.google.com/file/d/1OhHNwO2JymRqfbLM-wfUISCLDpCNVCd6/view via https://sites.google.com/view/xiumingdong/research?authuser=0

 

Marijuana tax chart and slides

Slides are at Generic weed ALCOHOL FIRST tax slides 4 December 2019-4

Here is chart:

Center for New Revenue

Pat Oglesby, Www.newrevenue.org, 4 December 2019

 

Recreational FLOWER Excise Taxes STATUTORY Pre-Retail ACTUAL Pre-Retail % OR /gram Retail
Canada (ex Manitoba) Greater of 10% or $1/gram Greater of 10% or $1 Provinces vary
Alaska $50/oz. $1.76 0
California $9.25/oz. indexed; now $9.65/oz. $0.34 15% X (Wholesale price + 80%)
Colorado 15% $0.33 15%
Illinois 7% 7% 10% target
Maine $335/pound $0.74 10%
Massachusetts 0 13.75%
Michigan 0 10%
Oregon 0 20%
Nevada 15% $0.76 10%
Washington 0 37%

 

All states taxing weight have categories taxed lower than flower (bud) — like trim (leaves, shake).  Most recreational states impose standard retail sales (non-excise) taxes, too, if they have them; e.g., Massachusetts’s total retail tax goes from 13.75% to 20%.  Colorado and Nevada adjust weight taxes periodically to tax 15% of recent market prices.  California indexes its weight tax for inflation.  California and Colorado use actual price in certain non-related party sales.  Canada taxes some products by THC content.

 

Taxes on medical range from zero to 100% of the recreational rate.

 

More at https://newrevenue.org/2018/06/06/cnr-recommends-cannabis-tax-chart/; https://itep.org/taxing-cannabis/.  Corrections: po@newrevenue.orgor 919 619 8838.  Updates and more info at www.newrevenue.org.  More background on cannabis revenue at https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR864.html (Chapters 4 and 5 and Appendix B).

 

 

 

 

Taxes on Recreational Marijuana Flower, 2 December 2019

Recreational FLOWER Excise Taxes STATUTORY  Pre-Retail ACTUAL Pre-Retail % OR /gram Retail
       
Canada (ex Manitoba) Greater of 10% or $1/gram Greater of 10% or $1 Provinces vary
       
Alaska $50/oz. $1.76 0
California $9.25/oz. indexed; now $9.65 $0.34 15% X (Wholesale price + 80%)
Colorado 15% $0.33 15%
Illinois 7% 7% 10%-20%-25%
Maine $335/pound $0.74 10%
Massachusetts 0   13.75%
Michigan 0   10%
Oregon 0   20%
Nevada 15% $0.76 10%
Washington 0   37%

 

As of 2 December 2019.  Please send corrections:  po@newrevenue.org.

Colorado and Nevada adjust weight taxes periodically to tax 15% of recent market prices.  California indexes its weight tax for inflation.  All states taxing weight have categories taxed lower than flower (bud) — like trim (leaves, shake).  Most recreational states impose standard retail sales taxes, too, if they have them.

Taxes on medical range from zero to 100% of the recreational rate.

More at https://newrevenue.org/2018/06/06/cnr-recommends-cannabis-tax-chart/; https://itep.org/taxing-cannabis/